Performance Management

Transportation Performance Management (TPM) is an effort to measure and improve the performance of our regional transportation systems. Federal law mandates the implementation of various performance metrics, so that State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) and Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) make smarter transportation investments and better policy decisions.

Please use the tabs below to navigate the different performance measures.

Highway Safety Performance Measure (PM-1)

The Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) is a Federal-aid program designed to reduce traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads, including non-State-owned roads and roads on tribal land.

Every state department of transportation (DOT) is required to submit to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) a Highway Safety Improvement Program annual report that:

  • Describes the progress being made to implement highway safety improvement projects;
  • Assesses the effectiveness of those improvements; and,
  • Describes the extent to which the improvements have contributed to reducing fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads.

The safety performance analysis in the report describes the state trends in the federal safety performance measures (and others if desired), established targets, the basis for the targets, and how the targets support the State’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) goals. The FHWA evaluates the state HSIP reports and determines that a State DOT has met or made significant progress toward meeting its safety performance targets when at least four of the targets have been met or the actual outcome is better than the baseline performance. If FHWA determines that a State DOT has not met its targets then the State DOT must obligate the HSIP funds apportioned in the previous year to only HSIP projects and submit a HSIP implementation plan.

On April 29, 2024, the Policy Board adopted the following Highway Safety Performance Targets.

Oahu Highway Safety Performance (2024)

Performance Measure
Performance Measure
*Number of fatalities
Fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT)
*Number of serious injuries
Serious injuries per 100 million vehicle miles traveled (VMT)
Number of non-motorized fatalities and serious injuries
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Actuals
2018
62
0.949
191
2.924
80
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Actuals
2019
51
0.771
385
5.820
127
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Actuals
2020
53
0.992
321
6.010
105
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Actuals
2021
50
0.846
378
6.397
110
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Actuals
2022
56
0.934
408
6.802
91
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Actuals
2023
60
1.000
363
6.052
111
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Targets
2023**
≤ 50.2
≤ 0.847
≤ 243.9
≤ 4.125
≤ 86.1
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Targets
2024**
≤ 52
≤ 0.867
≤ 354
≤ 5.934
≤ 104
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045
Target Status
2023
Not Met
Not Met
Not Met
Not Met
Not Met
*Involving motor vehicle occupants, pedestrians, motorcycles, mopeds, motorscooters, and bicyclists
**Based on the number or rate decrease needed to reach zero fatalities or serious injuries to meet the Vision Zero goal by 2045

Infrastructure Condition Performance Measure (PM-2)

The National Highway Performance Program (NHPP) is a core Federal-aid highway program that provides support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System (NHS) and the construction of new facilities on the NHS. The NHPP also ensures that investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in the HDOT asset management plan for the NHS.

On April 25, 2023, the Policy Board adopted the following infrastructure condition targets.

Oahu Infrastructure Condition Targets (2023)

Asset
2-Year Target (2024)
4-Year Target (2026)
10-Year Goal (2032)
National Highway System (NHS) Interstate Pavement
National Highway System (NHS) Interstate Pavement
National Highway System (NHS) Interstate Pavement
National Highway System (NHS) Interstate Pavement
Percent in Good Condition
≥ 25%
≥ 30%
≥ 30%
Percent in Poor Condition
≤ 4%
≤ 4%
≤ 4%
National Highway System (NHS) Non-Interstate Pavement
National Highway System (NHS) Non-Interstate Pavement
National Highway System (NHS) Non-Interstate Pavement
National Highway System (NHS) Non-Interstate Pavement
Percent in Good Condition
≥ 25%
≥ 30%
≥ 30%
Percent in Poor Condition
≤ 4%
≤ 4%
≤ 4%
National Highway System (NHS) Bridge
National Highway System (NHS) Bridge
National Highway System (NHS) Bridge
National Highway System (NHS) Bridge
Percent in Good Condition
≥ 25%
≥ 30%
≥ 30%
Percent in Poor Condition
≤ 1%
≤ 1%
≤ 1%

System Reliability Performance Measure (PM-3)

Traffic congestion is common in many places in the United States. In these places, drivers are used to some level of congestion and they expect and plan for some delay, particularly during peak driving times. Drivers typically adjust their schedules or budget extra time to allow for traffic delays. But what happens when traffic delays are much worse than expected? For example, when there is an accident or it’s raining heavily, your normal travel time of 20 minutes could jump to 45 minutes. We are much less tolerant of unexpected delays because they can cause us to be late for work, miss appointments, or incur extra childcare fees etc.

On April 25, 2023, the Policy Board adopted the following system performance targets.

Oahu Travel Time Reliability (2023)

Performance Measure
Percent of person miles traveled on the Interstate System that are reliable
Percent of person miles traveled on the non-Interstate National Highway System that are reliable
Interstate Truck Travel Time Reliability Index
4-Year Target (2026)
≥ 65%
≥ 73%
≥ 2.75

Transit Asset Management Performance Measure (PM-4)

49 CFR 625 establishes a National Transit Asset Management (TAM) System to monitor and manage the State of Good Repair (SGR) of public transportation capital assets to enhance safety, reduce maintenance costs, increase reliability, and improve performance.

The City and County of Honolulu’s Department of Transportation Services (DTS) targets and transit agency performance are shown in the tables below. The targets are useful life goals for the state of good repair of our transit capital.

On April 29, 2024, the Policy Board adopted the following transit asset performance targets.

Oahu Transit Asset Management Performance (2024)

Performance Measure
Rolling Stock - Percent of revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
Articulated Bus
Bus
Cutaway
Van
Heavy Rail Passenger Car
Equipment - Percent of non-revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
Automobiles
Trucks and Other Rubber Tire Vehicles
Steel Wheel Vehicles
Facility - Percent of facilities with a condition rating below 3.0 on the Transit Economic Requirements Model (TERM) scale
Passenger and Parking Facilities
Admininistrative and Maintenance Facilities
2023 Actuals
Rolling Stock - Percent of revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
17.12%
29.27%
38.54%
88.89%
N/A
Equipment - Percent of non-revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
88.24%
28.75%
0.00%
Facility - Percent of facilities with a condition rating below 3.0 on the Transit Economic Requirements Model (TERM) scale
0.00%
0.00%
2023 Target
Rolling Stock - Percent of revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
≤ 17.12%
≤ 29.27%
≤ 38.74%
≤ 100.00%
N/A
Equipment - Percent of non-revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
≤ 100.00%
≤ 31.34%
0.00%
Facility - Percent of facilities with a condition rating below 3.0 on the Transit Economic Requirements Model (TERM) scale
0.00%
0.00%
2024 Target
Rolling Stock - Percent of revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
≤ 28.00%
≤ 28.00%
≤ 28.00%
≤ 100.00%
0.00%
Equipment - Percent of non-revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
≤ 65.00%
≤ 42.00%
0.00%
Facility - Percent of facilities with a condition rating below 3.0 on the Transit Economic Requirements Model (TERM) scale
0.00%
0.00%
2023 Target Status
Met
Met
Met
Met
N/A
Equipment - Percent of non-revenue vehicles that exceeded their Useful Life Benchmark (ULB)
Met
Met
Met
Facility - Percent of facilities with a condition rating below 3.0 on the Transit Economic Requirements Model (TERM) scale
Met
Met

Transit Safety Performance Measure (PM-5)

On July 19, 2018, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) published the Public Transportation Agency Safety Plan (PTASP) Final Rule, which requires that operators of public transportation systems that receive Federal funds under FTA’s Urbanized Area Formula Grants to develop safety plans that include the processes and procedures to implement Safety Management Systems (SMS). The Plan must include safety performance targets and be updated and certified annually.

On June 24, 2024, the Policy Board adopted the following transit safety targets.

Oahu Transit Safety Targets (2024)

Performance Measure
Performance Measure
Total number of fatalities
Fatality rate per 100,000 vehicle-revenue miles (VRM)
Total number of injuries
Injury rate per 100,000 vehicle-revenue miles (VRM)
Total number of safety events
Rate of safety events per 100,000 vehicle-revenue miles (VRM)
Mean distance between major mechanical failures (vehicle-revenue miles / failures)
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2016-2020 Actuals
(5-Year Average)
Bus
0.17
0.001
101.33
0.546
111.67
0.602
8,903
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2016-2020 Actuals
(5-Year Average)
Paratransit
0.00
0.000
12.50
0.179
15.50
0.223
11,790
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2020 Target*
Bus
0
0
≤ 109
≤ 0.5
≤ 122
≤ 0.56
≥ 10,556
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2020 Target*
Paratransit
0
0
≤ 12
≤ 0.155
≤ 15
≤ 0.196
≥ 15,846
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2024 Target
Rail
0
0
≤ 4
≤ 1.03
≤ 7
≤ 1.80
≥ 75,000
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2024 Target
Bus
0
0
≤ 109
≤ 0.5
≤ 122
≤ 0.56
≥ 10,556
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2024 Target
Paratransit
0
0
≤ 12
≤ 0.155
≤ 21
≤ 0.196
≥ 10,108
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2020 Target Status
Bus
Not Met
Not Met
Met
Not Met
Met
Not Met
Not Met
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.
2020 Target Status
Paratransit
Met
Met
Not Met
Not Met
Not Met
Not Met
Not Met
*Based on averaging five years of reportable National Transit Database incident data by mode for each safety performance measure category for the calendar years 2015 through 2019.